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1. Fort Rotterdam

Fort rotterdam which is now known as Benteng Makassar is a historical artifact the greatness of the past Kingdom of South Sulawesi. Gowa kingdom was the strongest and the most successfull kingdom during the seventeenth century. Makassar during that time was known a trading city.

if it was viewed from the sea, the Kingdom of Makassar during that period was an area which was completely fortified. This kingdom possessed 17 forts which protected the city and the areas around it. In the yaer of 1667 when the forces of Gowa was under the power of Dutch government.

makassar fort was built in 1545 by the King of Gowa X. His name was I Marigau Daeng Bonto Karaeng lakiung, who has also well-known as Karaeng Tunipallangga Ulaweng. The basic form of this fort is square with the Portuquese architectural style. It was made of clay. It takes the model of the European forts during the sixteenth and seventeenth century, with the additional protrusion attached to the basic form of the fort, make it looks like a turtle shape. Some resources point out thet the turtle form reflects the Gowa kingdom as a maritime kingdom and this fort acted as the protector of the capital city.

During the Dutch colonialism. the fort was rebuilt, and renamed 'Fort Rotterdam'. During that period the fort and it area started to be the center of the govermental and commercial activities.During the Japanese colonialism that functioned as the center of agriculutural and languange studies.
At present, the buildings in the fort are utilized by the Prehistoric and Historic Preservation Affairs (Suaka Peninggalan Sejarah dan Prasejarah). Cultural Center(arts,dances, musi, etc). and including the public museum. this museum displays and preserves various historical namely, historical object,manusripts, statues, crafts (ceramics) and traditional clothes, and other cultural objects from most of ethnis in South Sulawesi.

2. Islamic Center

Al-Markas al-Islam (Islamic Center) is the luxurious mosque and auditorium in Asia, and is the largest in eastern part of Indonesia.Besides functioning as the center of worship, it server as educational facility as well, social and cultural activities for the eastern part of Indonesia.
Al-Markas Al-Islami stands in a 10 hectare area, in Makassar downtown. This worship center appears dominantly due to its size and lovely shape. It reflects the integration of Islam values which is colored by the local and modern cultures, becomes the symbol of the local people identity and pride.

3. Mandala Monument

This monument is build to remaind and stimulate the heroic value of Indonesia nation, particularly in the effort of Irian Barat (West Irian) independence from the colonialist from the colonialist in 1996.
this monument will be further equipped with adequate buildings which serve as entertaining cultural center for eastern part of Indonesia.

4. The Old Tombs of Kings of Tallo

This oldtombs is regarded as a complex. due to its adequate size, in which 778 graves exits in different forms and various types of material used for the graves. It is located in northern part of Makassar city. It's exactly on the former Tallo Fort.
Formely, Tallo kingdom was an area under ruler of Gowa kingdom. That kingdom was devided in to major divisions, since the king had two princess, who were both ambitious men, to be the king. The two kingdoms are: Tallo and Gowa. Therefore, a proverb emerge : "dua raja satu rakyat"( one folk under the rule of teo kingd). Based on the available literary data and archeologist, it was said that the graves of Tallo and Gowa can be found in this graveyard, since the seventeeth century and the end of seventeeth century.

5. Paotere Harbor

Bugis, Macassar and Mandar ethnic have been well-known as a people of brave and heroic sailors. Their sailling boats, since hundred of years ago have sailed to the Madagascar island, close to Africa, Austrlia and some other tiny islands in the Pacific Oceans. They were strong and heroic sailor who were bravely fight for the nature, either threatening and peaceful situation(in times of war). In ailing they have skills in determining their direction by relying on the stars as the helpers. In predicing the weather they just looked at the naturak phenomena such as, cloud bulk, and in order to know the current. depth and coral area of the sea, they have the feelings just by smelling the water.
Paoeter is the place of anchoring for the sailling boats of the people of Sulawesi who come from all parts of Indonesia. The sailling boats which anchor there are varied in style and shape.Some others equipped with mast and machine, sush as phinisi lambo adn some others.
It is very fascinating and amazing to see the scenery af the masts of the boats which seen stand side by side with the mosques and houses nearby the harbor. the harbors labors loading and unloading cargoes and many their traditional boats go and by in the late afternoon at the harbor.
The scenery will be more beatiful and factinacing, particular and during the sunset with a superb panorama of the going down sun with its colorful rays which shows lovely natural panorama.

6. Orchid Bund Garden and Sea-Shell Collection

The Orchid Bund Garden is one of the largest orchid gardens in Indonesia. Bund has got a lo of experiences in doing cross fertilization and inoculations of orchids, which have produced new unique flowers. The flowers that have been fertilized have been registered in the Sander's List in London. There are many orchids regarded as a rare and uncommon species in South Sulawesi that are widely cultivated and preserved. These orchids can be purchased with the reasonable price. Besides this, lovely rocks and sea-shell collection are also found in this area, which are absolutely perfect compared to other collection in other places.

7. The Cemetery of Prince Diponegoro

Prince Diponegoro was the son of Sultan Hamengkubuwono III, Yogyakarta. one of the kings from latest kingdom of Java who let the struggle againts the Dutch, which is widely known as Java War in the years 1825 - 1830.
The war, exploded due to the rejection of the Dutch colonial policy, which raise the tax and the unfair rule of the land possession (acquisition). He was then caught through a trick and then was exiled to Manado, and then was moved to Makassar where he was arrested in Fort of Makassar. He died in Makassar in 1855. His tomb which was built in the family graves yard. Is preserved and seriously cared. It was built in accordance with the Javanese tombs.

8. Samalona Island

Samalona island is a pleasant place. It is one of the off shore coral islands of Makassar. It is famous as place for swimming and diving. The coral reef surrounding the island is an under sea garden which was coral structures of various forms, types and colors. And there you can also find a great deal of colorful tropical fish and their biological lives. Formerly, this place was less inhabited island, and moreover, it was just devoted to elite class.
In present time, however, more facilities are available for tourists who would like to rest ever night in this island.

9. Kayangan Island

Kayangan island is the nearest coral island from Makassar Harbor. This island had been developed and renovated as the excursion center. it is a well-known relaxing resort for the people of Makassar. At weekends in particular, special shows and entertaiments are always programmed to please the visitors.
The crossing boats here have been scheduled to take the tourists go and back.

Wisata Makassar
Kesima Tours & Travel SMK Neg 4 Makassar
South Sulawesi, Indonesia Jl. Bandang No.140
E-mail : wisatamakassar@yahoo.com